For many months, our University students and faculty colleagues have been hard at work conducting new laboratory experiments and extensively analyzing Freedom Industries chemical spill data. We have submitted a new scientific report for peer-review and publication. This report is not affiliated with WVTAP and the research explained in the report was funded by the National Science Foundation RAPID grant. If you are interested in what happened during and since January 9, 2014, you really should read this publication. In addition to an analysis of human health impact data, tap water quality, and flushing data, a very detailed timeline will accompany the report.
We continue to conduct additional follow-up experiments and these will be announced on Twitter (@TheWheltonGroup) and posted here when completed.
[UPDATED December 16: The journal of Environmental Science & Technology accepted our peer-review report. The journal published this “Just Accepted” manuscript on their website. This document is now available and the website information is listed below. Contact the corresponding author if you have any questions.]
Related Scientific Reports and Events
Below we have listed a number of activities we along with other researchers have participated in following the Freedom Industries chemical spill. The items listed below include scientific reports, presentations, town hall meetings, a public forum held at Purdue University, and even an OP-ED. We have also listed links to other documents that have been publicly released by other organizations.
Related 2014 Scientific Reports
Soon to be or Just Released
American Chemical Society journal of Environmental Science & Technology
Residential Tap Water Contamination Following the Freedom Industries Chemical Spill: Perceptions, Water Quality, and Health Impacts. Whelton et al. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es5040969
USGS has a peer-review publication coming out soon. [link to be posted when available]
Journal of the American Water Works Association
- The crude MCHM chemical spill in Charleston, WVa. Rosen et al. http://www.awwa.org/publications/journal-awwa/abstract/articleid/46960161.aspx
- An unwanted licorice odor in a West Virginia water supply. McGuire et al. http://www.awwa.org/publications/journal-awwa/abstract/articleid/45523920.aspx
- Consumer panel estimated for odor threshold of crude 4-mthylcyclohexanemethanol. McGuire et al. http://www.awwa.org/publications/journal-awwa/abstract/articleid/46969730.aspx
Environmental Health Perspectives
Crisis and emergency risk communications: Lessons learned from the Elk River spill. Manuel. http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/122-a214/
West Va. Testing Assessment Project (WVTAP) reports (http://www.wvtapprogram.com)
- In-Home Tap Water Sampling Plan. Rosen et al.
- Crude MCHM Oxidation Study Technical Memo. McGuire et al.
- Investigation of Tentatively Identified Compounds. Eaton et al.
- Health Effects Expert Panel Report. Dourson et al.
- 10 Home Study: Tap water chemical analysis report. Whelton et al.
- 10 Home Study: Resident behavior, perceptions, and residence characteristics report. Whelton et al.
- Consumer Panel Technical Memorandum. McGuire et al.
- Technical Memorandum: Expert Panel Estimates of the Odor Threshold Concentration, Odor Recognition Concentration and Odor Objection Concentration for Crude methylcyclohexanemethanol in Water. McGuire et al.
- Literature Review: Health Effects for Chemicals in 2014 West Virginia Chemical Release: Crude MCHM Compounds, PPH and DiPPH. Adams et al.
There are also reports from the EPA, CDC, West Va. State Agencies, and Freedom Industries consultants. Many of these are cited in the soon to be published report from our team. Check back soon.
Our Presentations to the Public, Universities, Public Health, Water Industry, and Journalism Professionals
- Defining Indiana’s Water Needs: Research and Solutions, Indianapolis, Indiana
- Society of Risk Analysis Conference. Denver, Colorado
- Evergreen Arts and Humanities Series of Washington State Community College. Marietta, Ohio
- Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. UMASS-Amherst. Amherst, Massachusetts
- U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board. Washington, D.C.
- American Water Works Association (AWWA) Water Quality Technology Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana
- Civil Engineering Hydraulics Program, Purdue University. West Lafayette, Indiana
- AWWA Alabama Mississippi Section Annual Conference. Point Clear, Alabama
- AWWA Water Infrastructure Conference. Atlanta, Georgia
- Society of the Environmental Journalists Annual Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana
- AWWA New England Section Annual Conference. Rockport, Maine
- National Association of City and County Health Officials (NACCHO) Annual Conference. Atlanta, Georgia
- Division of Environmental and Ecological Engineering. Purdue University. West Lafayette, Indiana
- Advanced Material Research Institute. University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana
Opinion Pieces (OP-ED) By Us and Others
- National Society of Professional Engineer’s PE News Magazine. Aug./Sept. 2014. What We Have Learned From the West Virginia Water Crisis http://www.nspe.org/resources/blogs/nspe-blog/water-crises-0
- American Chemical Society’s Environmental Science & Technology journal. Sept. 2014. Prof. Gerald Schnoor, Editor and University of Iowa. Re-Emergence of Emerging Contaminants http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es504256j
- American Chemical Society’s Environmental Science & Technology journal. Mar. 2014. Prof. William Cooper, Program Manager National Science Foundation. Responding to Crisis: The West Virginia Chemical Spill http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es500949g
Our Participation in Public Forums, Educational Media, and Town Hall Meetings
- “Science Nation” public service segment for the US National Science Foundation. In progress
- Communications, Community, and Science: The Freedom Industries Chemical Spill Public Forum. West Lafayette, Indiana. Nov. 2014.
- WVTAP public meeting. Charleston, West Virginia. Mar. 2014.
- Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition (OVEC) sponsored town hall meetings at Marshall University in Huntington, WV and Putnam County, WV. Feb. 2014.
- YouTube.com plumbing system flushing video developed for West Virginia residents by Krista Bryson, Ohio State University. Posted online at West Virginia Water Crisis: Exclusive *Crucial* Information about Flushing. Jan. 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rz3Y7rjnqEs
- Blog posting at the West Virginia Water Crisis Blog. Your Questions Answered: Flushing Recommendations, Water and Water Systems Safety, and Health Concerns. Jan. 2014. www.wvwatercrisis.com
Who Has or is Researching Issues Surrounding this Spill?
Below is a list of which organizations have or are currently conducting research in response to the Freedom Industries chemical spill. If you know of others, please email us and we will update this list. We tried to breakout the types of research into general categories. Some research teams are working on multiple topics. The organizations are listed alphabetically.
Risk Communication, Social, and Behavioral Impacts
Corona Environmental Consulting, Georgetown University, Harvard University, Ohio State University, Purdue University, University of Charleston, University of Kentucky, University Wisconsin-Madison
Environmental Sampling, Monitoring, and Modeling
Corona Environmental Consulting, Purdue University, Technical University of Denmark, University of Memphis, USGS, Virginia Tech, West Virginia University
Water Infrastructure Issues
Corona Environmental Consulting, Eurofins Eaton Analytical, Purdue University, McGuire Inc., UCLA, Utah State University, Virginia Tech, West Virginia University
NIH National Toxicology Program, Northeastern University, Purdue University, TERA, University of South Alabama, Utah State University, USGS